Procedures during whole class instructional activities
1. Student talk: Many teachers require that students raise their hands in order to receive permission to speak. Sometimes teachers allow chorus responses without hand raising, but the teacher then needs to identify and use some signal to students that lets them know when such responding is appropriate.
2. Use of the room by students: Students should know when it is appropriate to use the pencil sharpener or obtain materials from shelves or bookcases, and if and when it is appropriate to leave their seats to seek help from the teacher or other students. Unclear expectations result in some students spending their time wandering about the room.
3. Leaving the room: Some procedures need to be established for allowing students to use the bathroom, or to go to the library or school office. Usually, the school will have some specified system. Note: teachers who are free with hall passes frequently have larger numbers of students getting in trouble outside the classroom.
4. Signals for attention: Frequently teachers use a verbal signal or cue, such as moving to a specific area of the room, ringing a bell or turning on an overhead projector to signal students.
5. Grading Policy: Students should know what components will be included in determining report card grades and the weight or percent of each component.